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tv   History of Naval Aviation  CSPAN  January 8, 2017 10:38pm-10:46pm EST

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anniversary service, the centennial service was held in 1917, in january, the keynote speaker was henry cabot lodge of massachusetts. and on that occasion he summed up what was true then and is still true today about the nature of this place and its role in washington history. he said, to describe all that has happened within sight of this spot, all that this church has seen looking across the square would be to tell, in large part, the history of the united states. that was a true statement then, and it's a true statement today. st. john's is still an integral part of washington, d.c. it continues to serve the needs of its congregation and visitors alike and is a welcoming place for anyone who wishes to join us for a worship service. grimmett is the author of the history of st. john's church. the book is available
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online. you can also learn about the church of the presidents at their website. >> we are in san diego, home to the major league baseball team the padres, but also the home of naval aviation. next, we go to the air and space museum to learn more about the history of naval aviation in san diego. if you go back to december 17, 19 oh three, that is the first time the wright brothers flew an airplane. some people would tell you that was not the first airplane, meaning it did not do much. it flew for about 12 seconds, 120 b. within two to three years after that, something that could take off and land and do a 360 degree turn, as airplanes became more capable, there was interest by the services and especially the
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navy to get their own. sold thetis actually first airplane to the navy right here in san diego in 1911. it is the birthplace of naval aviation. it is a bit of our mecca. heritage comes right back here to san diego. glenn curtis was like many others. aviation was kind of his thing. what you saw an early days was there was friendly competition. innovators, glenn curtis being one of them, who wanted to take aviation to the next level. curtis wanted to come here first of all because the navy was here, so we had a significant footprint here. he was also one of those that relocated because he could do testing. it had the weather, everything
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that would be very friendly to aviation and aviation testing. service,ime, each especially the army, was interested in airplanes. if you look at some of the early aviators, they were with the army, not just the navy. there was a little bit of competition between the services. each one wanting to figure out the equation. how is this airplane going to help us? the triad, the first airplane sold to the navy, was not aircraft you would fly on an often aircraft carrier -- an airplane -- an aircraft carrier. it was going to take off and land on the water. during the early years, it was trying to figure out the application. in other words, if you have a ramp that would take you from , the navalo the land
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station island has many ramps because many of the early airplanes were that kind. the wheels would have been extended and they would taxi into the hangar bay. when you look at glenn curtis and his presentation of the triad, it was a proof of concept. concept. how can we take off, land, and get the skill sets, train aviators? the unfortunate truth is often bring times of combat phenomenal innovations in a very short window of time. world war ii was a prime example. when the war started, we were not as prepared, and we were not the only nation with all the technologies we would have at the end of the war. when you look at the early airplanes with their speed, agility, ability to take a hit, in other words to be shot at and
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sealing up, with self fuel tanks and all the technologies that would protect our aviators, and realizing we were expecting longer ranges. we were looking at the navy, he the army air corps at that time, and all of those technologies that meant so much. if you look at an airplane like 4, the realization it is the only gullwing design ever made. the old joke is why it had that. the bottom line is because the prop was so big that they had to bend the wing. it is one of those aerodynamic challenges that was very significant. but we achieved it. the hornet was a significant
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next step in aviation technology . now we are flying the super hornet in the 80's. we have changed the engines, grown the airplane. we have different technologies in the cockpit because all of these airplanes continue changing. they continue improving. it is very important for us to display that blue angel. it reminds us of how far we have come. when you come to the san diego air and space museum, from that triad, that first airplane that glenn curtiss sells the navy in 1911, and you get over to the first hornets in the 1980's, and you go, wow. linkage is to provide a to the great history and the great future of air and space in our society, whether it be in the united states or internationally.
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>> this weekend, we are featuring the history of san diego, california, together with our charter spectrum and cox communications cable partners. learn more about san diego and other stops at c-span.org/ci tiestour. you are watching american history tv, all weekend, every weekend, on cspan3. from six japanese aircraft carriers attacked hawaii, targeting the u.s. pacific fleet at pearl harbor. the surprise attack led to u.s. entry into world war ii. next, the author and historian talks about events that occurred leading up to pearl harbor,

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